VOA Special English 基础词汇手册

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VOA Special English 基础词汇手册

©2001 Voice Of America, ©2005 Merriam-Webster Inc.


Parts of Speech
Science Words
Organs of the Body


  • n. (noun) - a name word
  • v. (verb) - an action word
  • ad. (adjective/adverb) - a describing word
  • prep. (preposition) - a word used to show a relation
  • pro. (pronoun) - a word used in place of a noun
  • conj. (conjunction) - a joining word


  • a - ad. one; any; each
  • able - v. having the power to do something
  • about - ad. almost ("about half"); of or having a relation to ("We talk about the weather.")
  • above - ad. at a higher place
  • accept - v. to agree to receive
  • accident - n. something that happens by chance or mistake; an unplanned event
  • accuse - v. to say a person is responsible for an act or crime; to make a statement against someone
  • across - ad. from side to side; to the other side
  • act - v. to do something
  • activist - n. one who seeks change through action
  • actor - n. someone acting in a play or show
  • add - v. to put (something) with another to make it larger; to say more
  • administration - n. the executive part of a government, usually headed by a president or prime minister
  • admit - v. to accept ("admitted to the United Nations"); to express one's guilt or responsibility ("He admitted that what he did was wrong.")
  • adult - n. a grown person
  • advise - v. to help with information, knowledge or ideas in making a decision
  • affect - v. to produce an effect on; to influence ("A lack of sleep affected the singer's performance.")
  • afraid - ad. feeling fear
  • after - ad. later; behind
  • again - ad. another time; as before
  • against - ad. opposed to; not agreeing with something
  • age - n. how old a person or thing is
  • agency - n. an organization that is part of a larger group ("an agency of the United Nations")
  • aggression - n. an attack against a person or country; the violation of a country's borders
  • ago - ad. of time past; before now
  • agree - v. to have the same belief as someone; to be willing to do something
  • agriculture - n. farming
  • aid - v. to help; to support; n. help, assistance
  • aim - v. to point a gun at; n. a goal or purpose
  • air - n. the mixture of gases around the earth, mostly nitrogen and oxygen, that we breathe
  • air force - n. a military organization using airplanes
  • airplane - n. a vehicle with wings that flies
  • airport - n. a place where airplanes take off and land
  • album - n. a collection of recorded music
  • alcohol - n. a strong, colorless liquid, usually made from grain, used as a drug or in industrial products
  • alive - ad. having life; not dead
  • all - ad. everything; everyone; the complete amount
  • ally - n. a nation or person joined with another for a special purpose
  • almost - ad. a little less than completely
  • alone - ad. separated from others
  • along - ad. near or on ("along the road")
  • already - ad. before now; even now
  • also - ad. added to; too
  • although - conj. even if it is true that
  • always - ad. at all times; every time
  • ambassador - n. a nation's highest diplomatic representative (to another government)
  • amend - v. to add to or to change (a proposal or law)
  • ammunition - n. the bullets or shells fired from guns
  • among - ad. in or part of (a group)
  • amount - n. the number, size or weight of anything
  • anarchy - n. a lack of order; lawlessness
  • ancestor - n. a family member from the past
  • ancient - ad. very old; long ago
  • and - conj. also; in addition to; with
  • anger - n. a strong emotion against someone or something
  • animal - n. a living creature that moves, such as a dog or cat
  • anniversary - n. a yearly celebration or observance of an event that happened in the past
  • announce - v. to make known publicly; to declare officially
  • another - ad. one more; a different one
  • answer - n. a statement produced by a question; v. to make a statement after being asked a question
  • any - ad. one or more of no special kind
  • apologize - v. to express regret for a mistake or accident for which one accepts responsibility
  • appeal - v. to take to a higher court, person or group for a decision; to call on somebody for help
  • appear - v. to show oneself; to come into sight; to seem
  • appoint - v. to name; to choose ("appoint a judge")
  • approve - v. to agree with; to agree to support
  • archeology - n. the scientific study of past human life and activities
  • area - n. any place or part of it
  • argue - v. to offer reasons for or against something; to dispute; to disagree
  • arms - n. military equipment; weapons
  • army - n. military ground forces
  • around - ad. on every side (of)
  • arrest - v. to seize a person for legal action; to take as a prisoner
  • arrive - v. to come to a place, especially at the end of a trip
  • art - n. expressions or creations by humans, such as paintings, music, writing or statues
  • artillery - n. big guns
  • as - conj. equally ("as fast as"); when; while
  • ash - n. the part left after something burns
  • ask - v. to question; to say something is wanted ("We ask the teacher questions every day.")
  • assist - v. to help
  • astronaut - n. a person who travels in space
  • astronomy - n. the scientific study of stars and the universe
  • asylum - n. political protection given by a government to a person from another country
  • at - prep. in or near ("at the edge"); where ("look at"); when ("at noon")
  • atmosphere - n. the gases surrounding any star or planet
  • attach - v. to tie together; to connect
  • attack - n. a violent attempt to damage, injure or kill; v. to start a fight
  • attempt - v. to work toward something; to try; to make an effort
  • attend - v. to be present at
  • automobile - n. a vehicle with wheels used to carry people; a car
  • autumn - n. the time of the year between summer and winter
  • average - n. something (a number) representing the middle; ad. common; normal
  • avoid - v. to stay away from
  • awake - ad. not sleeping
  • award - n. an honor or prize for an act or service
  • away - ad. not near


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